The EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are used for the injection of epinephrine.1 The EpiPen Auto-Injector is used to treat signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis, including pruritus, urticaria, angioedema, flushing, syncope, tachycardia and dyspnea due to laryngeal spasm and/or a decrease in blood pressure.1 Anaphylaxis can be caused by triggers such as food, stinging and biting insects, medicines, latex or even radiocontrast media and exercise.2-4
These features are highlighted in Figure 1.
EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are available in 2-Pak cartons.1 Up to 20% of patients need additional doses due to a biphasic reaction or continuing symptoms (see “The Continuum of Anaphylaxis” section).3 For this reason it is important that patients at risk for, or who have a history of, anaphylaxis carry an EpiPen 2-Pak, which provides an additional dose if needed during an anaphylactic reaction.1,6 Additionally, each EpiPen 2-Pak includes a training device.1
EpiPen® (epinephrine) 0.3 mg and EpiPen Jr® (epinephrine) 0.15 mg Auto-Injectors are indicated in the emergency treatment of type 1 allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, to allergens, idiopathic and exercise-induced anaphylaxis, and in patients with a history or increased risk of anaphylactic reactions. Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to body weight.
EpiPen Auto-Injectors should only be injected into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. DO NOT INJECT INTO BUTTOCK, OR INTRAVENOUSLY.
Epinephrine should be used with caution in patients with certain heart diseases, and in patients who are on drugs that may sensitize the heart to arrhythmias, because it may precipitate or aggravate angina pectoris and produce ventricular arrhythmias. Arrhythmias, including fatal ventricular fibrillation, have been reported in patients with underlying cardiac disease or taking cardiac glycosides or diuretics. Patients with certain medical conditions or who take certain medications for allergies, depression, thyroid disorders, diabetes, and hypertension, may be at greater risk for adverse reactions. Other adverse reactions include transient moderate anxiety, apprehensiveness, restlessness, tremor, weakness, dizziness, sweating, palpitations, pallor, nausea and vomiting, headache, and/or respiratory difficulties.
EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are intended for immediate self-administration as emergency supportive therapy only and are not intended as a substitute for immediate medical or hospital care.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
For additional information please contact us at 800-395-3376.